By some estimates, the crumbling basement epidemic has the potential to reach 34,000 homes in Connecticut and destroy the financial security of hard working people who find themselves facing this crisis through no fault of their own. Sellers can’t sell. Buyers won’t buy. People can’t retire. Many sellers still will not come forward and file a complaint to establish themselves as a victim. Those most severely affected, Eastern Connecticut homeowners, constitute a large part of our market area and as residents ourselves, are our own neighbors, friends and family.
At Home Selling Team, we have daily conversations with potential sellers and buyers about best approaches in navigating this uncharted territory. As Realtors, our local boards and National Association have provided us with legal disclosures for buyers and sellers and as much guidance as they can in identifying our professional and fiduciary duties in this challenging environment. Putting your head in the sand and feigning indifference or ignorance of the problem is not doing the job we are hired to do.
That said, as of this moment (3/1/19) this is what we know now and our recommendations to sellers who find themselves facing this devastating problem.
Possible Approaches for Sellers
Try to determine the source of the concrete. Was your home built between the years of 1983 and 2017? Is your home in one of the affected towns? Sellers should look for receipts or photos in their documents and check the town hall building department for any information about the construction. Check with closing attorney for lien waivers which may reveal the contractors/vendors who were involved in the construction. Find your home inspection report from your purchase. Contact the builder, if known, to inquire.
If you suspect JJ Mottes may have been the provider of your concrete and/or you have visible signs of a crumbling basement you have the following options:
Contact a structural engineer for a visual inspection. See Qualified Vendor List . Inspections are a 100% reimbursable expense up to $400 at https://foundationtesting.org. Core testing is only required when the engineer gives your home a Severity Rating of 1 (no visible evidence) and you (or a potential buyer) intend to apply for future CFSIC replacement funds. In other words, in order to file a CFSIC claim for a property with a Severity 1 Rating you have to prove (via a core test) that your concrete contains pyrrhotite even if you have confirmed that the concrete was supplied by JJ Mottes.
If you discover or have previous knowledge that your concrete did not come from JJ Mottes but you don’t have documentation to prove it. You may want to get a core test (50% reimbursable up to $2,000 at https://foundationtesting.org). You can provide the test results to any interested party and alleviate any trepidation a buyer may have about purchasing your home. Your sale will not be delayed waiting for an inspection if you can provide the documentation ahead of time.
You can do nothing. Whether you suspect you have the problem or not, you can wait until you have a potential buyer who will be required (effective 2/1/19) to do a visual inspection or core test if they want to be eligible to apply for CFSIC funds to replace the foundation should it become an issue in the future. Buyers are not obligated to complete the test if they wish to waive the right to make a CFSIC claim in the future. HST office policy requires a seller to complete a CADSB-Concrete Advisory and Disclosure for Sellers & Buyers-1/15/2019.
Have your property reassessed. See An Act Concerning Concrete Foundations. In most towns, if you have a confirmed crumbling basement and you want your property value depreciated and your property tax adjusted you will probably be required to:
- Have an engineer inspect and provide a report and a severity letter.
- File a complaint with CT State Department of Consumer Protection.
- File a claim with your insurance company and provide copy of acceptance or denial.
- Get a replacement quote from a contractor to replace your foundation (not required in all towns)
- Get these documents to your assessor. The assessor is required by law and has 30 days from the date of the request to inspect the foundation. A letter will be issued to you with your new assessment. Most assessors assess the depreciation using these guidelines provided by CRCOG.
- You should check with your town Assessor for specific requirements.
Options: Selling or Renting
Apply for CFSIC captive funds and sell your property once you have an “active claim”. Once you have an “active claim” you can transfer your place in line for replacement funds to your buyer (buyer must commit to staying at least 12 months from Certificate of Occupancy prior to disbursement of any funds).
The maximum benefit via CFSIC is $175,000. There may be an additional supplemental amount (up to $25,000) available through your insurance provider, so far, Travelers, the Hartford and Liberty Mutual have signed on to the collaborating insurers benefit program. A foundation replacement quote from a contractor will specifically identify what is not covered by CFSIC and what you will be responsible for out of pocket. If you have an expensive foundation to replace this option may be financially not feasible for the seller or the buyer without a large concession by the seller.
Rent the home to short term to homeowners who need interim housing while their foundations are being replaced.
Rent the home in one year lease terms until a remedy is available or more assistance becomes available.
Short Sale- Outcome unpredictable. Bill pending to protect homeowners from deficiency judgments when value is decreased by presence of pyrrhotite. Consult with an attorney.
Deed in Lieu Foreclosure-Outcome unpredictable. Bill pending to prohibit lenders from denying first mortgages to borrowers who lost their homes due to pyrrhotite. Consult with an attorney.
Who’s Who and the best resources for information:
CFSIC-CT Foundation Solutions Indemnity Company (Captive)
JJ Mottes/Beckers Quarry, Willington, CT -Source of faulty concrete
CT Coalition Against Crumbling Basements- CCACB Facebook Page:
Finally, a word on CFSIC funds. At this point CFSIC is only authorized to operate through the end of it's fiscal year June 2022 and they have limited funds. $100 million in bond money ($20 million x 5 years) and an additional $8.5 million per year generated through the homeowners $12.00 policy surcharge. In other words, the sooner the better if you plan to file a claim. If you have additional questions or need more information about other sales in your area, contact me.
If you are a buyer and looking for information regarding crumbling basements and purchasing please see my Buyers and Crumbling Basements page.
DISCLAIMER: The information contained on this website has been provided for informational purposes only, and Home Selling Team makes no representations or warranties, express or implied, as to the completeness or accuracy of the facts, presumptions, conclusions, methodology of preparation, or any other matters contained therein. By viewing any information contained on this website, all visitors to and viewers of this site expressly understand and agree that any information or materials provided on this site are provided only for the convenience of any such visitors or viewers in making their own examinations and determinations as to whether to engage in any real estate transactions, and, in doing so, visitors and viewers shall rely exclusively on their own evaluations and not on any materials supplied by Home Selling Team. Visitors and viewers are also expressly advised to conduct their own independent investigations and inspections of any property in which they might be interested, utilizing such experts as they, in their sole discretion deem to be necessary for an independent assessment of all liability and risk, with respect to any property. Visitors and viewers further agree that they shall ultimately rely only upon their own investigations and inquiries with respect to all such liability and risk, including, without limitation, all liability and risk with respect to the presence of crumbling foundations, in, on or around the Property.